First part article we reviewed the features of the diagnosis and course of acute infections of the child’s first year of life. This article will discuss the treatment of acute respiratory diseases in infants. The first and principal rule of treatment of young children is in any case not to resort to self-treatment. Only a pediatrician can fully explore the child and the appropriate treatment. Also, you can collaborate with a physician to select a desired available drugs for therapy.
Principles of treatment of acute respiratory infections in infants
the Basic principle of the treatment of acute respiratory diseases in infants is symptomatic treatment aimed at reducing action of toxins of the virus, as well as maximizing the prevention of complications of the disease.
acute respiratory infections in infants should keep the room temperature above 20 degrees and sufficient humidity. Severely dry air can lead to annoying cough. It is also important to frequently ventilate the room to prevent high concentrations of virus in the air. The misconception that the ARD is impossible to walk on the street with a child. On the contrary, fresh air and ultraviolet radiation will quickly get rid of the virus and speed up the recovery. It is not recommended to walk when the air temperature is below zero and high body temperature.
At a cold in infants, you should rinse the nasal passages with saline and systematically suck the accumulated mucus extractor. With a strong rhinitis, you can apply baby vasoconstrictor drops. But we should remember that to get involved in such preparations it is impossible, as these tools only remove the problem for a while, but do not eliminate its root cause. As vasoconstrictor drugs with excessive consumption can be absorbed into the bloodstream and to cause such effects as tachycardia, headaches and General malaise.
PI wet or dry cough use a variety of syrups, vegetable-based. Such drugs include syrups on the basis of licorice root, plantain, Linden, eucalyptus and many others. Child obychnogo agrees to the admission of such syrups as they are delicious and sweet. The purpose of syrups – facilitating the excretion of phlegm, by liquefaction. As for warming up the chest using different heat ointments, salves and creams on the basis of peppermint, eucalyptus and others. To relieve bronchospasm can be used for inhalation of various pharmaceutical drugs.
To reduce body temperature used drugs on the basis of paracetamol and ibuprofen. The main mistake that parents make is to reduce the temperature below 38.5 degrees. Children are usually very easily tolerate high temperature. This is one of the protective mechanisms of the body of the child. Viruses cease to proliferate when the temperature rises to 38 degrees, so to reduce it is not recommended. We also recommend not unnecessarily to wrap the baby. Clothes in ARD should be free and easy to absorb sweat. At high temperature should increase the amount of fluids to prevent dehydration.
Remember that with any acute abnormalities such as seizures, loss of consciousness, bronchospasm or the temperature is above 39 degrees, you should call an ambulance.